Testosterone is the hormone responsible for male sexual characteristics. In men, it regulates sex drive, bone mass, fat distribution, muscle mass, and strength. It’s also essential for producing red blood cells and sperm. As men get older, they naturally produce less testosterone, with levels dropping by about 1% a year after age 30 or 40.
Low testosterone can also be caused by a disease called hypogonadism, which occurs when the body cannot produce normal amounts of testosterone due to a problem with the testicles or the pituitary gland.
Low testosterone leads to the following symptoms:
Change in sex function: Reduced sexual desire and fewer spontaneous erections.
Changes in sleep: Low testosterone may cause insomnia.
Physical changes: Fatigue, weight gain, less muscle mass, diminished muscle strength, and decreased bone density are some of the most common changes. Men may also experience swollen breasts and loss of body hair.
Emotional changes: Men may lack motivation, feel sad or depressed, have trouble concentrating, or find they don’t remember things.
Erectile dysfunction can be caused by numerous health issues and lifestyle habits. Drinking too much alcohol and smoking cigarettes may be to blame. Stress and anxiety often make it hard to have an erection, and then erectile dysfunction only adds to stress and anxiety, turning into an ongoing cycle.
However, for most men, erectile dysfunction is usually caused by a health condition that also affects sexual function, such as:
After Dr. Lebowitz gives you a thorough check-up, reviews your medical history, and runs lab tests to see your hormone levels, he prescribes treatments such as the following:
Testosterone replacement therapy: This is the only treatment for low testosterone. The appropriate dose of hormone can be delivered in many different forms, including a pill that you swallow, a tablet that dissolves under your tongue, an injection, a cream that’s rubbed into your skin, a small pellet injected under your skin, and a skin patch.
Medications for erectile dysfunction: While restoring levels of testosterone may improve sexual function, erectile dysfunction is usually treated with medications that enhance nitric oxide, which increases blood flow and helps you get an erection in response to sexual stimulation.
*Individual results may vary
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